Even back when I first learned the seated arm drive drill It looked wrong to me because of the fact the shoulders became elevated.
The one area that is hardest to teach young sprinters is to relax. Performing the seated arm drive drill forces the athlete to lift their shoulders so they don’t hit their hands on the ground.
A good arm action, especially in acceleration is going to allow the hands to swing slightly below the hip joint. If you sprint with hands open, which I do teach, the fingers would smash into the ground.
Better to practice the arm swing in half-kneeing or standing.
Just something to think about…